sick

sick
ill, sick
Ill and sick share responsibilities in peculiar ways, and are not always interchangeable. To begin with, ill is more usually predicative (placed after a verb, as in She was ill), whereas sick occurs naturally in attributive position (before a noun, as in She was a sick woman) as well as predicatively (as in She was sick), and in compounds such as sick leave and sick room). Ill is used attributively only in the broader sense ‘out of health’ (He was an ill man when I last saw him), in the extended meanings ‘faulty, unskilful’ (ill judgement / ill management), in idioms and proverbs (do an ill turn to / It's an ill wind that blows nobody any good). It also occurs adverbially in compounds (ill-behaved / ill-considered). In BrE, to be sick and to feel sick have the special meanings ‘to vomit’ and ‘to be inclined to vomit’, and to underline the anomalies of the two words a person can look ill and then report (or go) sick. In varieties of English other than BrE, the overlaps in meaning and usage vary considerably, and in some varieties there is little difference other than the more formal nature of the word ill. In AmE, the meaning ‘vomiting’ is normally supplied by the phrase sick to (or at) one's stomach.

Modern English usage. 2014.

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  • Sick — Sick, a. [Compar. {Sicker}; superl. {Sickest}.] [OE. sek, sik, ill, AS. se[ o]c; akin to OS. siok, seoc, OFries. siak, D. ziek, G. siech, OHG. sioh, Icel. sj?kr, Sw. sjuk, Dan. syg, Goth. siuks ill, siukan to be ill.] 1. Affected with disease of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • SICK — Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft ISIN (keine Börsennotierung) DE0007237208, (keine Börsennotierung) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sick — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ann Sick (* 1958), US amerikanische Crosslauf Sommerbiathletin Bastian Sick (* 1965), deutscher Journalist und Autor Erwin Sick (1909–1988), deutscher Erfinder und Unternehmer Georg Sick (1861 ???),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sick — [sɪk] adjective 1. a sick company, economy etc is one that has financial or other difficulties such as corruption (= dishonest, illegal, or immoral behaviour): • The President lost popularity when his reforms failed to revive a sick economy. • a… …   Financial and business terms

  • sick — sick1 [sik] adj. [ME sik, seke < OE seoc, akin to Ger siech < IE base * seug , to be troubled or grieved > Arm hiucanim, (I) am weakening] 1. suffering from disease or illness; unwell; ill: in this sense, now rare or literary in England… …   English World dictionary

  • sick up — ˌsick ˈup [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they sick up he/she/it sicks up present participle sicking up past tense …   Useful english dictionary

  • sick — ► ADJECTIVE 1) affected by physical or mental illness. 2) feeling nauseous and wanting to vomit. 3) informal disappointed, embarrassed, or miserable. 4) (sick of) bored by or annoyed with through excessive exposure. 5) informal having abnormal or …   English terms dictionary

  • sick — [adj1] not healthy, not feeling well ailing, bedridden, broken down, confined, debilitated, declining, defective, delicate, diseased, disordered, down, feeble, feverish, frail, funny*, green*, hospitalized, ill, impaired, imperfect, in a bad way* …   New thesaurus

  • Sick — Sick, v. i. To fall sick; to sicken. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sick|en — «SIHK uhn», intransitive verb. 1. to become sick: »to sicken with typhus. The bird sickened when kept in the cage. 2. a) to feel horror or nausea; experience revulsion (at something). b) to grow weary or tired (of a thing). c) to long eagerly. –v …   Useful english dictionary

  • sick|ie — «SIHK ee», noun. 1. U.S. Slang. a sick person, especially one who is mentally ill. 2. Australian Slang. a sick leave …   Useful english dictionary

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